Small Cities and Towns – What Happens when these places are bypassed
Bypass - "a road enabling motorists to avoid a city or other heavy traffic points or to drive around an obstruction." Dictionary.reference.com
The construction of bypasses have both positive/negative effects on towns/cities and communities:
- Less congestion
- Due to the streets being less congested the streets become safer for pedestrians and cyclists
- Increased air quality due to the decrease in vehicles
- The local population is less exposed to health-threatening vehicle emissions and hazardous materials
- Noise levels severely decrease and less ground vibration
- Improved streetscape, especially around the town center.
- The street is recaptured by the community – e.g. this is shown in Euroa where the public have benefited from retrofitting a disused service station and making it into an emergency service hub.
- Improved quality of roads
- Less pressure on the local road network
- Improved traffic flow, reduced congestion, reduction of truck traffic, and opportunities for implementation of planned development.
- Reduced flow of heavy vehicle traffic in the town center by providing a more efficient, alternative route.
- Decreased travel time for motorists and freight
- The bypassing of the Miliwa region has created a gourmet food region that would not have been possible if the Hume HWY had maintained its original route.
- Enhanced quality of life for residence
Safer Streets due to less motor vehicles on the road - Source brightonhovegreens.org
- Increase in unemployment due to closure of service businesses
- Businesses need to adapt to new strategies to increase their market share with fewer visitors
- Forced adaption for businesses
- Town at mercy of government agencies. This is evident in Benella which is a major government service hub responsible for the north east state.
- Decline in the regional economy
- Increase in tourist based seasonal visitors resulting in unplanned tourist ventures. For example, in Glen Rowan they use Ned Kelly to attract visitors.
- The creation of major service centers on the bypass leading people away from towns for food and fuel.
- The cost of bypassing a town is often quite expensive
- Decrease in land value
- Higher vacancy rate in accommodation and retail premises
Increase in unemployment due to closure of service businesses - Source axiomamnesia.com